The importance of diet and metabolism: from nutrition to allergy and immunology

Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy


Food represents not only the source of nutrients for our body, but interacts with the gastrointestinal epithelium, gut microbiome and gut immune system. The diet-immune systems interactions are complex and reciprocal. Various recent studies attempted to explore this complexity in health and in different disease settings in order to untangle the mechanisms and their effects.

This short review briefly discusses different aspects of this relationship, focusing on major players. If we consider that diet and microbiome may be modified by healthcare professional intervention, the implication for disease prevention and therapeutics are intriguing.

Corresponding author:

Publication history:

Submission date: Oct 02nd, 2022
Revised on: Oct 05th, 2022
Accepted on: Oct 08th, 2022
Published online: Oct 17th, 2022

Related articles

This article highlights the critical role of eye health in overall well-being and the adverse effects of poor eye care, including the development of various eye conditions. It emphasizes the impact of oxidative stress on eye tissues, primarily caused by external factors such as UV light, leading to diseases like dry-eye, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Several nutrients, such as antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals, are important in maintaining eye health, particularly in conditions like dry eye syndrome and macular degeneration.
Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are currently the most widely used herbicides in the world, and for many years, they have been considered safe for human health due to the assumption that human cells are presumably not directly affected by glyphosate, given the lack of the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) enzyme.