Effectiveness and speed in reducing cardiovascular risk with nutritional intervention in a cohort of Italian women

1 Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy


BACKGROUND. Nutritional intervention based on the Mediterranean Diet effectively significantly reduces cardiovascular risk in a relatively short time in a population of Italian women. Given the absence of contraindications, the Mediterranean diet is an unparalleled preventive and clinical medicine tool.

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the therapeutic efficacy of nutritional intervention based on the Mediterranean Diet in reducing risk factors for cardiovascular diseases over a year.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS. The study sample consisted of 97 Italian women (mean age 46.09 ± 13.8 years) who voluntarily underwent dietary evaluation and haematochemical analyses, blood pressure measurement and measurement of anthropometric parameters. Follow-up was carried out with repetition of the same examinations one year later, during which a Mediterranean diet was followed.

RESULTS. One year after the start of the diet, blood levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides were significantly reduced; similarly, there was a significant reduction in BMI and a normalization of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels.

CONCLUSIONS. These results are of considerable importance for public health, because this preventive and therapeutic dietary model can be easily adopted by all population groups and various cultures, given the absence of contraindications.

Corresponding author:

Publication history:

Submission date: 9st Nov, 2023
Revised on: 27th Nov, 2023
Accepted on: 5th Dec, 2023
Published online: 16th Jan, 2024

Related articles

This article highlights the critical role of eye health in overall well-being and the adverse effects of poor eye care, including the development of various eye conditions. It emphasizes the impact of oxidative stress on eye tissues, primarily caused by external factors such as UV light, leading to diseases like dry-eye, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Several nutrients, such as antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals, are important in maintaining eye health, particularly in conditions like dry eye syndrome and macular degeneration.
Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are currently the most widely used herbicides in the world, and for many years, they have been considered safe for human health due to the assumption that human cells are presumably not directly affected by glyphosate, given the lack of the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) enzyme.
The interest of botanicals in human nutrition is a growing and promising field. However, these substances are still neglected or poorly understood in clinical practice.